What causes gum disease?

What Causes Periodontal Diseases?

Periodontal diseases are caused by plaque (rhymes with "back"), a sticky film that is always forming on your teeth. Plaque contains bacteria that produce harmful toxins. If teeth are not cleaned well, the toxins can irritate and inflame the gums. You may notice so bleeding which is the way your body tries to combat the bacteria in the plaque. Over time the toxins will affect the bone under your gums and you loose the bone that supports the teeth.

Inflamed gums again over time will pull away from the teeth and form spaces called pockets. The pockets trap food, plaque and bacteria which cannot be removed with brushing. This causes the gums to become infected and if the pockets are not professionally cleaned out the infection  gets worse. The bone and other tissues that support teeth are then permanently damaged.

Brush your teeth twice a day and floss (or use another between-the-teeth cleaner) daily. If plaque stays on teeth, it can harden into a rough surface called tartar professionally know as calculus. Tartar is very hard and can only be removed when teeth are cleaned at the dental office. Take a moment to call the Levittown office to set up your cleaning and exam today. Don't wait until you are swollen or it hurts.

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Dr. Marc Gottlieb is one of Long Island's leading dental practicioners, specializing in helping those who feel anxiety or apprehension when visiting the dentist. He can be reached at marc@anxietyfreedental.com